University of Twente Student Theses


The effect of empty chair method on future self connection in vivo and in virtual reality

Arndt, Laura (2020) The effect of empty chair method on future self connection in vivo and in virtual reality.

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Abstract:Studies have already shown that the Empty Chair Method, using virtual reality in therapy and future-oriented thinking have various advantages. However, there are no studies on whether and how these concepts are related. To address this gap, this study examines the effect of the Empty Chair Method on future self-connection in vivo and in virtual reality. Therefore, a quasi-experimental design was employed (pre questionnaire – experiment – post questionnaire) containing three conditions: Empty Chair (EC), Empty Chair Virtual Reality (ECVR) and Virtual Reality (VR). Participants (N = 68) carried out a practical task in a laboratory of the University of Twente, in which they had a conversation with their 10-year-older future self about an achieved goal. The results showed, there was no statistical significance that the experiment in all conditions caused a difference in future self-connection (FSC). However, there was a significant difference between pre and post FSC in ECVR. Further results showed, there was a significant correlation between presence and post FSC, and that presence was significantly higher in EVCR than VR. The paper concludes by discussing limitations that may affect these results and providing ideas for future studies. Keywords: Virtual reality, Future self, Future self-connection, Empty Chair Method, Presence
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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