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Students’ outcome expectancies towards different aspects of a stress-reduction app and their impact on app usage

Böcker, A.B. (2019) Students’ outcome expectancies towards different aspects of a stress-reduction app and their impact on app usage.

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Abstract:Especially in the mHealth sector a high motivation of users is important, because the daily decision to use a gadget has to be made. Important factors that contribute to peoples’ motivation are outcome expectancies. Therefore, this study researched university students’ outcome expectations towards different elements of a stress-reduction app. Subjects’ impressions were assessed via semi-structured questions and think-aloud protocols. In a first session, subjects explored the existing app Kenkou. For the second session a prototype for an improved version of the app was constructed, based on participants’ feedback in the first session. Results show that outcome expectancies were not influenced by a few single factors, but that many different aspects were mentioned by participants to evoke outcome expectancies. Participants had positive outcome expectancies towards the relaxation exercises in the app Kenkou, the calming design of the app and motivating features like the reminder and a streak. Also, more options for choices, for instance in the settings, or more diversity of exercises such as problem-solving methods, were associated with more positive outcome expectancies. Additionally seen as effective was information that enables to choose tasks, like descriptions of content and task duration. The findings imply that research could focus on a large range of aspects rather than on single predictors for outcome expectancies. Additionally, developers of mHealth interventions could use outcome expectancies as additional design criterion.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/80430
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