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Effective policy instruments to successfully involve communities in the implementation of green-blue measures in the public space

Reuvekamp, T. (2020) Effective policy instruments to successfully involve communities in the implementation of green-blue measures in the public space.

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Abstract:The effects of climate change are causing problems in urban areas. Flooding, heavy rainfall, heat stress and drought can all cause significant damage to the urban area. Green-blue measures are an effective method to reduce the impact of heat stress and flooding. Yet municipalities face a shortage of resources to implement these measures in the public space. This research assessed if community involvement in implementing these measures can result in more effective implementation because of their contribution. This research investigates five cases, consisting of one street in the Netherlands and four in Belgium, where a community contributed to the implementation of green-blue measures. The effect of policy instruments on community involvement and the effect of the involvement on the implementation within the cases is explained using the contextual interaction theory. The cases confirm that community involvement leads to more effective implementation of green-blue measures. The use of communicative instruments by municipalities to explain the benefits in spatial quality, traffic safety and social cohesion of green-blue measures to the community and a municipal contribution of organisational resources are a first necessary step towards successful community involvement. Increased municipal contribution of resources increases the effectiveness of the implementation. Based on the urgency of the measures, it is recommended to use more municipal resources if heat stress and flooding due to rainfall cause significant problems.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Programme:Civil Engineering and Management MSc (60026)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/80665
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