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The mediating role of responses to positive affect between personal recovry and symptomatology in bipolar disorder

Imani, K. (2020) The mediating role of responses to positive affect between personal recovry and symptomatology in bipolar disorder.

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Abstract:The objective was to investigate if dampening, self-focused positive rumination and emotion-focused positive rumination mediate the effect of personal recovery on manic and depressive symptoms in a clinical sample with BD. Data were used from a cross-sectional survey validation study by Kraiss et al. (2019a, 2019b) in which 107 participants diagnosed with BD were surveyed. Two multiple mediation models were tested using the bootstrapping approach developed by Preacher and Hayes (2008). The results suggested that dampening and self-focused positive rumination significantly mediated the effect of personal recovery on manic symptoms. Personal recovery yielded a decrease in dampening which yielded an increase in manic symptoms (B = –.027 (.014), CI [–.060, –.004]). Furthermore, personal recovery yielded an increase in self-focused positive rumination which again yielded an increase in manic symptoms (B =.031 (.014), CI [.008, .062]). Contrary to expectations, no significant mediation effect of responses to positive affect was found in the relation of personal recovery and depressive symptoms. The main limitation of the study was its cross-sectional design impeding inferences about causality and direction of the effects. Future studies could replicate this research in longitudinal and experimental studies to confirm the mediating role of dampening and self-focused rumination
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/80885
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