University of Twente Student Theses


De invloed van risicofactoren op internaliserende problemen bij cliënten met een licht verstandelijke beperking

Brouwer, N. (2020) De invloed van risicofactoren op internaliserende problemen bij cliënten met een licht verstandelijke beperking.

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Embargo date:1 April 2070
Abstract:Clients with mild intellectual disabilities are a vulnerable target group where both internalizing and externalizing problems often occur. Internalizing problems are often overshadowed by externalizing problems. The aim of this research was to understand to what extent the dynamic risk factors, such as impulsivity, social skills, coping skills, and realism are related to internalizing problems. It was also investigated whether the relationship between the dynamic risk factors and internalizing problems was moderated by gender. 288 clients participated in this study, of which 38 (13.1%) were women and 250 (86.2%) were men. The participants in this study are mildly mentally disabled patients with serious risky and misunderstood behavior who reside in a closed, clinical treatment setting. Cross-sectional studies were conducted using the Adult Behavior Checklist (ABCL) and Dynamic Risk Outcome Scales (DROS) questionnaires. This research shows that coping skills as the only risk factor have a predictive value for internalizing problems. The results of this study showed that gender has no moderating effect on the relationship between coping skills and internalizing problems. A striking finding is also the connection between internalizing and externalizing problems. This means that coping skills are important for both men and women. A possible explanation for this is that aggression (externalizing problems) has a deeper cause, namely fear (internalizing problems). Externalizing problems may make internalizing problems less noticeable. It is recommended that follow-up research looks at the different coping styles and internalizing problems. These findings could provide new insights in the development of treatments. It is also desirable that the relationship between internalizing and externalizing problems be further explored. This insight could explain what causes or maintains externalizing problems.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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