University of Twente Student Theses


Urban transport policy paradigms : A philosophical and engineering analysis

Akse, R. (2020) Urban transport policy paradigms : A philosophical and engineering analysis.

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Abstract:In order to promote sustainable urban development for all citizens, transport policies have to change. Some municipalities are developing sustainable transport policies whereas other municipalities stay behind. Which factors make up for this difference? This thesis analyses under which conditions policies change, by applying the paradigm concept in a transport planning context. To analyse transport policy paradigms empirically, 172 Dutch municipal transport policy documents have been analysed and scored based on criteria of a mobility-based and accessibility-based framework. Furthermore, four interviews have been executed with municipal policy makers. Through document analysis, it is concluded that paradigmatic policy change is slowly starting to happen in Dutch municipalities, although not on a large scale. Most municipalities are somewhere in between the extreme positions of a mobility-based paradigm and an accessibility-based paradigm. Through interviews, it is concluded that the most important organizational condition for paradigmatic change is the local knowledge basis of policy makers and their willingness to innovate and cooperate with external parties. All in all, a local combination of urban mobility problems, political mandate and local organization of a municipality explains the presence of paradigmatic transport policy change in Dutch urban municipalities.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:08 philosophy, 56 civil engineering
Programme:Civil Engineering and Management MSc (60026)
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