University of Twente Student Theses


A systematic literature review about the conceptualization of competence in nursing home residents

Stevens, Laura S. (2020) A systematic literature review about the conceptualization of competence in nursing home residents.

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Abstract:Nursing homes (NH) represent common settings that have an impact on the experience of perceived competence. Deci & Ryan (2000) popularized the term competence as part of the Self-Determination Theory (SDT). Although there is a considerable amount of literature on competence in NH residents available, there was not much attention for the SDT in this context. This study aimed to review available definitions and measures of competence in NH literature to come up with implications for the definition according to the SDT. A systematic literature review was conducted using the electronic databases SCOPUS, PubMed, Web of Science and PsycINFO resulting in 12 relevant records. Thematic analysis with an inductive, semantic approach was taken to synthesise the material. Based on 35 extracted codes, two broad themes can be identified: perceived competence and functional competence. While the SDT phrases competence as perceived effectiveness, competence is often phrased in terms of capability in NH literature. The current findings suggest that competence incorporates multiple dimensions that can vary in importance due to the research focus as well as a differentiation between an objective and subjective phenomenon. Further work can put more emphasis on the subjective definition of competence provided by the NH residents themselves.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Unknown organization, Münster, Deutschland
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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