University of Twente Student Theses


Applicability of Combined Implicit and Explicit Intervention Approaches within eHealth Technology based on Users’ Perception

Pooth, Julian (2020) Applicability of Combined Implicit and Explicit Intervention Approaches within eHealth Technology based on Users’ Perception.

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Abstract:According to the Dual Process Model of cognition, somatic diseases might be comprehensively approached by combining implicit and explicit methods. Based on the Implicit Vitality Training Application IVY a prototype of IVY 2.0 was designed, complementing implicit CBM with the explicit self-regulation techniques ‘action planning’ and ‘reviewing action plans’ to comprehensively approach chronic fatigue. Before testing its empirical effectivity, it was of central interest if such a design is generally suitable for eHealth treatment, requiring the positive reception and acceptance by users. Thus, this study aimed to collect opinions from a general population about the design of IVY 2.0 in order to infer about the general applicability of combined implicit and explicit methods in the eHealth treatment of somatic diseases. Methods: 20 participants randomly varying in age and occupation were introduced to the concepts of IVY 2.0. By using a prototype all participants cognitively walked through the process of IVY 2.0 while completing a predefined task. Afterwards the participants were interviewed about their experience with IVY 2.0, as well as their thoughts and opinions about the application. Results: The results revealed that the design and concept of IVY 2.0 were almost consensually perceived in a positive way. The whole interventional process was perceived to be feasible on a technological as well as psychological dimension, even though self-regulation techniques could be confirmed to be more demanding than CBM. Furthermore, the participants appreciated IVY 2.0’s psychological personalization and its practical reference to their daily lives. However, the initial trust and conviction in the effectivity of the underlying concepts revealed to be moderate, induced from the participants’ desire to be provided with evidence about IVY 2.0’s effectivity. Discussion: Based on the results, it was concluded, that simultaneously integrating implicit and explicit methods is generally applicable to eHealth technology, under consideration of prerequisites such as low technological and psychological demands, high personal relevance and high practical relevance. However, since the empirical effectivity of combined implicit and explicit methods must be scrutinized this warrant further research.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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