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Exploring the dynamics of well-being and depressive symptoms among university students : an experience sampling study

Völker, S.V. (2020) Exploring the dynamics of well-being and depressive symptoms among university students : an experience sampling study.

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Abstract:To fully understand psychological constructs such as well-being and depression, it is essential to investigate processes and dynamics that occur within individuals. This study explored the fluctuations of state well-being and depressive symptoms between and within university students. Since depression is relatively common among university students, the variation of depressive symptoms was examined as well as the association with well-being over the course of two weeks. For this, an experience sampling method (ESM) design was used. The daily questionnaires included the Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (SWEMWBS) and a visual-analogue scale (VAS) addressing depressive symptoms, and were triggered in the morning, afternoon, and evening on the Ethica App. Responses of 25 participants were analysed through multiple linear mixed model (LMM) analyses. There was great variation of depressive symptoms between and within university students. No overall effect of time was found. Within-person level showed that individuals differed in fluctuations although their mean of depressive symptoms was similar. A strong negative association of well-being and depressive symptoms over time was demonstrated. Follow-up analyses, however, revealed that although some individuals experienced a clear negative association, others demonstrated only a weak negative, a positive association or even a disconnection between well-being and depressive symptoms.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/81859
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