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The effect of the Jigsaw method and prior attitudes on multiple documents reading comprehension

Jezikova, M. (2020) The effect of the Jigsaw method and prior attitudes on multiple documents reading comprehension.

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Abstract:This study investigated the effect of cooperative Jigsaw method and prior attitudes on comprehending and integrating conflicting information in multiple texts. For this purpose, 78 Dutch pre-vocational students participated in the study. For assessing multiple documents reading comprehension, all participants were asked to read individually or in the groups four texts containing contrasting arguments about broiler chicken. Consequently, they expressed their opinion towards the topic in the form of a short essay. Besides, participants were tested on prior and post-experiment attitudes. In addition, the experimental group performed the reading task by working according to the Jigsaw method and was tested on the quality of cooperation. Regression showed no significant change in reading comprehension of students performing the task cooperatively or individually. Prior attitudes had a slight effect on reading comprehension, meaning that they could negatively influence students’ reading comprehension. Further analysis showed that prior attitudes had a significant effect on post-experiment attitudes, indicating that reading multiple texts resulted in a change of attitudes towards the topic in the individual condition. Based on this analysis, it can be concluded that the majority of the students’ neutral attitudes were manipulated by the contrasting information from multiple texts, resulting in one-sided opinions.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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