University of Twente Student Theses


The association between self-compassion and cognitive fusion over a week.

Seykov, Dimitar (2020) The association between self-compassion and cognitive fusion over a week.

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Abstract:Background. In the past years, self-compassion has been recognized as a construct that promotes mental health and protects from avoidance strategies (e.g. rumination and suppression). In contrast, this type of strategies is accompanied by cognitive fusion (i.e. to be entangled with your thoughts), which is predictive of mental health problems. Previous studies demonstrated that self-compassion can be protective of cognitive fusion. However, no study previously examined their dynamic interaction in daily life. This is important because it can give an insight on what level different interventions can focus. Objective. Firstly, this study investigates the fluctuations during a week in state measures of self-compassion and cognitive fusion. Secondly, it assesses the convergent validity of the state measures of self-compassion and cognitive fusion. Thirdly, the current study investigates whether the within- or between-person variation of self-compassion have a stronger association with the state level of cognitive fusion. Method. A longitudinal online experience sampling study with 30 participants (Mage= 22.6) was conducted. The Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form was used to measure self-compassion and Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire was used to measure cognitive fusion. For the state measure a questionnaire composed of two items per construct which were asked three times per day over eight days. Results. The state measures of self-compassion and cognitive fusion are significantly negatively associated. Next, the study demonstrated a moderate convergent validity for both constructs with their respective trait measures. Finally, the results showed no difference in the negative within- and between-person association of self-compassion and cognitive fusion. Conclusion. This study confirmed the negative association between trait self-compassion and trait cognitive fusion and demonstrated no difference between the state-like and trait-like measures of self-compassion. This could be used to design interventions aiming to rise trait level of self-compassion while looking both on a group and individual level.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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