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Testing reactivity on interoceptive awareness : an experience sampling study

Flentje, L. (2020) Testing reactivity on interoceptive awareness : an experience sampling study.

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Abstract:Theoretical Background. The reactivity effect in previous research has shown to change participants behaviour due to their awareness of being examined. This effect was also found to be present in experience sampling, where participants are tested in their natural environment. In general, experience sampling towards different measurements of body signals has been found to increase individual’s accuracy in understanding oneself. Objective. Therefore, this study wants to examine interoceptive awareness (IA), which is the understanding of bodily responses, with said experience sampling method. It is assumed, that participant’s IA will change when they become aware of the repeated measurements. Methods. This research tested 45 participants in their IA levels in a longitudinal experience sampling study of six days with a pre-post questionnaire. The control group was asked to fill out the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA-2) questionnaire as the pre- and post-questionnaire, while the experimental group was also asked to fill out four daily questionnaires over a period of four days. Results. The data analysis showed a higher difference in pre- and post-measurements in the experimental group compared to the control group. Further, there was a positive relationship between number of completed questionnaires and IA pre- and post-difference. Conclusion. The paper concludes that interoceptive awareness levels can be slightly enhanced in participants with the answering of daily questions. With this finding, this research is one of few to find an increase in IA without the use of biofeedback but only with a self-reported questionnaire. Hence, the application of IA questionnaires into the psychological field could be more closely considered in the future.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/81899
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