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Stress reduction during bronchoscopy using a virtual reality head mounted display with nature stimuli

Thomasson, N.W. (2020) Stress reduction during bronchoscopy using a virtual reality head mounted display with nature stimuli.

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Abstract:Nature has been shown to have a positive effect on stress reduction and patient recovery in medical settings. However, most literature has focused predominantly on the use of physical or auditory nature stimuli. In addition, few studies focused on using these stimuli for endoscopic procedures, like bronchoscopies. Considering a lack of focus on the possibilities of new technologies, such as Virtual Reality (VR), the aim of this study was to investigate whether VR has an effect on stress and whether this effect is stronger in highly anxious individuals. Secondly, this study aimed at researching the effect of soft-fascinating stimuli on stress-reduction during bronchoscopy. This study employed a quasi-experimental, between-group design with VR as an independent variable and stress and arousal as dependent variables, in the form of self-reported and physiological data. A general linear model showed significant main effects of time and VR-condition. No significant effects were found for the three-way interaction of baseline stress, VR-condition and time on heart rate. However, visual analyses indicated an adverse effect of VR on stress reduction in patients that were overly anxious before the procedure. Next to that, it was shown that soft-fascinating stimuli might have a positive effect on the perceived discomfort of patients after insertion of the bronchoscope.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:44 medicine, 70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82038
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