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The mediating role of positive emotions, grateful mood, and positive relations in the relationship between gratitude exercises and mental well-being : a randomized controlled trial

Kloppenborg, Alisa (2020) The mediating role of positive emotions, grateful mood, and positive relations in the relationship between gratitude exercises and mental well-being : a randomized controlled trial.

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Abstract:The main aim of the study was to examine the mediating role of positive emotions, grateful mood, and positive relations within the efficacy of gratitude exercises on mental well-being. Main effects were analyzed by performing an ANCOVA comparing a gratitude condition (n=85) with a waitlist control condition (n=84), and testing between-group effect sizes. Also, both simple and multiple mediation analyses were conducted for testing mediation effects. The results showed that the intervention significantly increased mental well-being, positive emotions, grateful mood, and positive relations compared to the waitlist control group. More importantly, positive emotions significantly mediated the effect of the gratitude intervention on mental well-being. For grateful mood and positive relations, however, the mediation analyses were non-significant. Results suggest that positive emotions is an important mechanism for increasing mental well-being in higher educated women. Besides, not finding a mediation effect for grateful mood and positive relations may be explained by the use and duration of gratitude exercises in the current study. Future research may further investigate the mediating role of grateful mood, positive relations, and other potential mediators by using an equal gender distribution.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82249
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