University of Twente Student Theses


Germany and the nuclear energy issue post-Fukushima : a multiple streams explanation

Deuker, Moira A. J. (2020) Germany and the nuclear energy issue post-Fukushima : a multiple streams explanation.

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Abstract:This study aimed at explaining the variation from the status quo of the German government with its decision to phase out nuclear energy in June 2011, in response to the nuclear accident in Fukushima. The decision was analyzed using the Multiple Streams Approach (MSA) by Kingdon (1984), considering Birkland’s (1998) theory of focusing events. A comparison with the German policy reaction to the Chernobyl accident was done. Qualitative data was collected during expert interviews and content analysis of newspaper articles. As hypothesized, the model was able to explain the variation observed in 2011 as well as the low key response in 1986: After Chernobyl the three streams were not aligned, due to a missing policy solution, an insufficiently prepared basis for change as well as the absence of a policy entrepreneur. After Fukushima a unique alignment of the streams occurred: In 2011 the issue was still perceived problematic, renewable energies were a trustable alternative technology and the topic was highly controversial and up-to-date due to a decision taken in 2010. Furthermore, Angela Merkel acted as a policy entrepreneur and furthered the alignment of the streams, which resulted in the German nuclear phase out bill in June 2011.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
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