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Differences and similarities of interventions promoting quality of life, well-being, and comfort in long-term care residents : A systematic literature review

Wißmann, F. (2020) Differences and similarities of interventions promoting quality of life, well-being, and comfort in long-term care residents : A systematic literature review.

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Abstract:Quality of life (QoL), well-being, and comfort are frequent outcomes of contemporary interventions targeting long-term care residents. These constructs share conceptual features but also have distinguishing characteristics. This systematic literature review investigated whether conceptual differences and similarities amongst these constructs translate into differences and similarities between interventions. Data was retrieved from the databases Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed. A publication was included when an intervention aimed to promote either (HR)QoL, well-being, or comfort in long-term care residents, and was tested in a randomised controlled trial. Interventions were compared analysing three variables—their targeted construct, their content, and their impact on the targeted construct (i.e. effectiveness). Searching identified 1716 articles, of which 28 were included. Most interventions targeted QoL, followed by health-related QoL, and the combination of well-being and QoL. Two studies aimed to enhance comfort and one well-being. The content of interventions targeting QoL appears to be more diverse compared to the other constructs. Notwithstanding, few interventions demonstrated a proper alignment of the targeted construct and content suggesting that most conceptual characteristics are not reflected in the content of interventions. When there was a good fit, however, interventions seemed to be more likely to be effective.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82486
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