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The effectiveness of a dramatherapeutic self-image module on the self-esteem of people with a personality disorder

Jenske, Nora (2020) The effectiveness of a dramatherapeutic self-image module on the self-esteem of people with a personality disorder.

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Abstract:Background: Personality disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders. Low levels of self-esteem are a diagnostic criterion but often an unaddressed concept in the treatment of personality disorders. Dramatherapy has already shown to be effective in increasing self-esteem in other mental disorders but there is only a scarce research base exploring its effectiveness in the treatment of personality disorders. Objective: The general aim of the study was to assess the effect of a drama therapeutic self-image module on the self-esteem of people with a personality disorder. Methods: The study design of the research was a multiple baseline single-case design, consisting of a 6-week drama therapeutic self-image module (DZM) and weekly measures of participants’ self-esteem. In total 14 participants were included. Results: Analysis of the visual analysis showed an overall effectiveness of the intervention. Individual level analysis of effect size (Hedges’g) had moderate effect sizes for between-level analysis of baseline and intervention (g = .68) and large effect size for baseline and follow-up (g = 1.14). There was an improvement in RSES total-scores from baseline (M = 20.6, SD = 2.9) to intervention (M = 22.4, SD = 2.0) and follow-up phase (M = 23.8, SD = 2.4). Repeated measures analysis showed that the level of self-esteem was significantly affected by the intervention, (F (1.3, 11.8) = .7.99, p = .011, ω2 = .24). There was a significant interaction effect comparing the level of self-esteem of the intervention phase to the baseline (F(1, 9) = 7,571, p = .022) and follow-up to baseline (F(1, 9) = 9,330, p = .014). Conclusion: The findings offered some support for the effectiveness of a drama therapeutic self-image module in improving level of self-esteem in people with a personality disorder.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82494
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