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Interrelationships between self-criticism, self-compassion, resilience and perceived stress : what role does a self-compassionate or self-critical attitude play in the resilience towards stress?

Hölling, C.M. (2020) Interrelationships between self-criticism, self-compassion, resilience and perceived stress : what role does a self-compassionate or self-critical attitude play in the resilience towards stress?

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Abstract:Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate what role a critical or compassionate attitude towards the self plays in an individual’s capacity to be resilient towards stress. This was done by researching resilience’s mediating or moderating roles in the relationship between self-criticism and perceived stress and self-compassion and perceived stress. Findings were expected to serve both the conceptualization of the constructs as well as inform the therapeutic practice about how we can better equip individuals against stress. Methods: Eighty-four participants, predominantly German, with a mean age of M = 24.48, SD = 8.23 participated in an online survey with four self-report scales. Bootstrapping analyses were used to test resilience as mediator and moderator in two simple mediation and two simple moderation models. Results: Resilience was identified as a mediator in the relationship between self-compassion and perceived stress. No moderating roles of resilience were identified. Conclusions: It appears that self-compassionate individuals bid defiance to negative self-evaluation by mindfully reassuring themselves of their own capabilities in the face of stress as well being more accepting towards failure showing resilience towards stress. The identified interrelationships pinpoint towards fostering self-compassionate stances in therapy with a special focus on conquering self-critical attitudes.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82531
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