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Which psychological interventions enhance personal recovery in individuals suffering from serious mental illness? A systematic review

Braake, J. ter (2020) Which psychological interventions enhance personal recovery in individuals suffering from serious mental illness? A systematic review.

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Abstract:This systematic review had the aim to provide an overview of the characteristics, effectiveness, and quality of personal recovery interventions. Quality was decided via the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tool that served as a checklist for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Ten studies were included, from which five were found to show a positive significant effect. The effective elements were found to be 'an educational approach' and 'peer support'. Peer support helped the clients to share their experiences and education helped the clients to gain more knowledge of their illness, new coping skills, and to set goals by the clients themselves. A clinical implication is that recovery can be improved by not focusing on clinical outcomes, but on enabling clients to improve their belief in oneself, increase their level of hope, build social relationships, achieve their personal goals, and being able to self-manage their illness. Limitations of this review were that the literature search was conducted by one person, only articles published between 2010 and 2020 were included, and only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Future research, in which two people conduct the literature search, with multiple designs, and a wider timespan, might investigate the effectiveness of personal recovery interventions more elaborately.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82545
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