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How did I feel? Recalling reported core affect in light of its fluctuation, the present state, and individual degrees of neuroticism

Tiede, T. (2020) How did I feel? Recalling reported core affect in light of its fluctuation, the present state, and individual degrees of neuroticism.

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Abstract:Individuals that are supposed to report their present state tend to remember a state differently than they initially reported when being asked a week later. This difference in reported and recalled state was found to be related to the person’s condition at the time of the recall, the reported state’s fluctuation before the recall, and the personality trait neuroticism. However, these findings mainly refer to the recall of pain, and have not been extended to core affect. Core affect is a two-dimensional measure of mood, consisting of arousal -how active the person feels- and valence -the state’s pleasantness. Considering the importance of self-report of past feelings in psychodiagnostics, this study set out to investigate whether the recollection of own states of core affect is likewise affected by the present state, the fluctuation of core affect, and neuroticism. Individuals reported their momentary core affect six times per day over a period of one week. Subsequently, they tried to recall how they felt overall throughout that week. Correspondence between the reported and recalled core affect was measured, as well as the impact of the last measurement before the recall, the fluctuation of core affect, and neuroticism on the recalled core affect. The results revealed a strong relationship between momentary and retrospective measurements for arousal (r=.843, p< .01) and valence (r = .751, p< .01), with adequate correspondence between recalled and reported core affect. However, individuals systematically overestimated their reported arousal. Moreover, the fluctuation of valence was related to an underestimation of reported valence (B1 = -1.208, t = -2.401, p = .026). Findings on the influence of the present state, the fluctuation of arousal, and neuroticism were not associated with recalled core affect and indicate that different factors affect the recall of core affect compared to strong arousing experiences such as pain.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82569
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