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Positive interventions for nursing home residents : a systematic review

Drenski, C. (2020) Positive interventions for nursing home residents : a systematic review.

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Abstract:With the world population rising and life expectancy increasing, more older adults live in nursing homes. Often, the well-being of nursing home residents suffers due to a decline in e.g. physical abilities and a lack of positive resources. Most programs developed for older individuals merely target mental illnesses. However, the theory of gerotranscendence (GT) suggests that older people are still able to develop themselves in old age. The approach of positive psychology could be used to enhance the well-being of older people and help them reach GT. The current systematic review aimed at investigating the characteristics and effectiveness of positive interventions in the nursing home context. In addition, this review intended to extract useful strategies of interventions tailored to the needs of nursing home residents to enhance their well-being. A systematic literature review was conducted using the electronic databases SCOPUS, PubMed and PsycINFO. 1333 studies were found, of which 14 proved to be eligible based on inclusion criteria. The review showed that nursing home residents highly benefitted from the interventions, as all studies except for one found significant results. In addition, it was not possible to determine isolated themes that led to these positive effects, but the combination of several themes seemed to result in most beneficial effects. Useful strategies were on the one hand regarding the design of the intervention and on the other hand regarding the content of the intervention. The results indicated that there are indeed possibilities for nursing home residents to increase their well-being and to strengthen their sense of purpose in life. Most importantly, group interaction and dealing with meaningful topics need to be promoted. Results of this study can be used to establish effective and age appropriate interventions.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82581
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