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Do daily levels of anxiety and depression predict the amount of binge watching behaviour on the same day? : an ESM study investigating the associations between depression, anxiety and binge watching behaviour

Preissler, Robert (2020) Do daily levels of anxiety and depression predict the amount of binge watching behaviour on the same day? : an ESM study investigating the associations between depression, anxiety and binge watching behaviour.

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Abstract:Objective: With lockdowns and social distancing as major efforts to fight the emergent coronavirus, media consumption is on the rise, especially on video-on-demand platforms such as Netflix. This increasing consumption can foster an already popular behaviour: binge watching. To date, little is known about the temporal associations between mental health and bingewatching, especially with respect to feelings of anxiety and depression. Methods: To analyze these temporal associations, this study uses the experience sampling method (ESM) design. A convenience sample of 38 participants made daily recordings of how much video-on-demand media they consumed, concerning both hours and episodes over a period of two weeks. Also, to analyze state feelings of anxiety and depression, participants were prompted to fill in the Patient-Health-Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4), a short-form questionnaire for the two mental health constructs. Moreover, participants filled in longer versions of the PHQ-4 at the beginning and end of the study for trait assessments of depression and anxiety. After the two week period, participant’s levels of binge watching behaviour and mental health symptoms were compared and analyzed with repeated measures linear mixed model analysis. Results: The data showed no significant results regarding the major research questions, namely whether anxiety or depression significantly predict binge watching behaviour in any way. However, trait anxiety scores in the final assessment and binge watching behaviour during the study period were significantly, although weakly, associated (B-Estimate = 0.02; p-value = 0.049). Conclusion: The current study showed that daily depression and anxiety were not associated with bingewatching behavior on the same day. As many different definitions of binge watching exist, comparisons to other studies are difficult. In the future, the definitions of binge watching should be consolidated to improve comparisons and research should focus on different target groups and longer time periods.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82600
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