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Need Valuation as a Moderator on the Relationship between Need Satisfaction and Well-being in Higher Education

Klink, Deborah (2020) Need Valuation as a Moderator on the Relationship between Need Satisfaction and Well-being in Higher Education.

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Abstract:In their everyday life, students at university have to deal with competing demands, which challenge their well-being. However, student well-being is important for students’ academic success. According to the Basic Psychological Needs Theory, the three needs autonomy, competence, and relatedness have to be satisfied for an individual to experience well-being. Nevertheless, there might exist individual differences in need valuation or the assigned importance of a need. Previous researched produced mixed results regarding a possible moderation effect of need valuation. The objective of this study is to examine whether need valuation serves as a moderator on the relationship between need satisfaction and well-being in a higher education context. Therefore, the moderating role of need valuation in the specific context of higher education was examined and general and domain-specific measures of well-being were compared. The cross-sectional study examined need satisfaction, need valuation and the two well-being measures in a student sample (N=171). Correlational analyses between all constructs were analysed. Six moderations tests were performed, one for each need with either general or domain-specific well-being as the outcome measure. Consistent with previous findings, it was shown that need satisfaction of all three needs correlates with well-being (p < .05). However, no significant moderation was found of need valuation on the relationship between need satisfaction and well-being. The results might imply a possible trend, where only autonomy valuation serves as a moderator between need satisfaction and well-being. Based on these findings, it is important for universities to create a learning environment which supports the satisfaction of the three needs to promote student’s well-being.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82664
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