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My Smartphone and I What is the relationship between social media use and the level of self-esteem and loneliness?

Cocks, Ms. D.S. (2020) My Smartphone and I What is the relationship between social media use and the level of self-esteem and loneliness?

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Abstract:Social media platforms continue to play a growing and important role in the day to day life, therefore understanding how these platforms influence and shape the individual is vital. In this current study, the focus was placed on the social media platform Instagram. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating effect of self-esteem on the relationship between social media usage and loneliness. A cross-sectional design and questionnaire was implemented on a sample of 109 participants aged 17-30. The collaborative questionnaire included Social Media Use items, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale. To test the relationships between social media use, self-esteem and loneliness, the Pearson correlation was calculated. To assess the mediating role of self-esteem on the relationship between social media use and loneliness, the PROCESS was implemented. The results yielded in this study showed that there were no statistically significant relationships between social media use and loneliness or social media use and self-esteem. Interestingly, a significant negative relationship was found between self-esteem and loneliness where higher levels of self-esteem were related to lower levels of loneliness. Additionally, self-esteem did not play a significant mediating role between social media use and loneliness. The results highlighted that the varying forms of social media usage influences self-esteem and loneliness in different ways. The current study allows for further research into the different forms of social media usage and how their varying forms have different relationships with self-esteem and loneliness.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Clients:
Unknown organization, Enschede, Netherlands
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82672
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