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Systematic Literature Review: Investigating the Methodology and Efficacy of Personalized m-Health

Schaab, Michael (2020) Systematic Literature Review: Investigating the Methodology and Efficacy of Personalized m-Health.

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Abstract:Modern healthcare systems are facing significant challenges due to an ageing population which translates to an increasing amount of people with chronic illnesses. A potential solution to this issue is m-Health. However, there remain questions about the efficacy and methodology. One of the big questions is whether to shift away from the “one-size-fits-all” approach in favour of a personalized approach. Thereby, the efficacy and methodology of personalized m-Health is investigated. A comprehensive literature search is conducted, and twelve articles were included into the analysis. The most common features were personalized text messages and recommendations. 75% of interventions only personalized one feature. Two-thirds of studies reported a significant positive outcome measure. Only one study reported an effect size (moderate; personalized goals). In general, the results of this review indicate the potential of personalizing m-Health, however there is no clear answer in regard to the effect size. More rigorous intervention studies are necessary to evaluate the efficacy of personalized m-Health, and thereby allow for a quantitative analysis on effect sizes. Finally, a closer look needs to be taken on related constructs, demographic differences, which data is used to personalize, and to what extent m-Health is personalized.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:44 medicine, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82690
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