University of Twente Student Theses


Employee’s preferences on social support features to motivate physical activity using mobile applications

Koesoemahardja, N.F (2020) Employee’s preferences on social support features to motivate physical activity using mobile applications.

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Abstract:Background: According to WHO, the workplace is an optimal environment to promote health promotion programs for employees. The coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak in 2020 has made employees work from home which could increase sedentary behavior. The difference between employees’ needs and preferences regarding the health promotion programs that initiated by the company restrain the participation. Designing health promotion programs using mHealth with social support features from Persuasive Design System (PSD) could increase participation rate. Several studies showed that personality, self-efficacy, and group identity could motivate people to do physical activity with social support from colleagues. This study aims to investigate employees’ preferences for social support features in mobile health applications based on personality, self-efficacy, and group identity which can potentially increase engagement in using the applications while working remotely due to the outbreak. Methods: This study focuses on employees who work in a company located in the Netherlands, whose job required sitting for a long time. Data collected using an online questionnaire through a quantitative cross-sectional design. Personality measured using the Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), exercise self-efficacy using modified Physical Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, and group identity using Group Identity Scale. The data analyzed using SPSS to investigate descriptive and correlation between the variables with social support features in PSD. Results: Participants (n=132) did not achieve vigorous (65.2%) and moderate (76.5%) physical activity guidelines. Personality traits showed that employees with lower Extraversion preferred Cooperation while higher Agreeableness, higher Conscientiousness, and lower Neuroticism preferred Recognition. Only higher Openness preferred Social Learning. Employees with higher exercise self-efficacy preferred Cooperation and Social Learning while employees with lower exercise self-efficacy preferred Normative Influence and Competition. Employees with lower group identity preferred Recognition and Social Learning while employees with higher group identity preferred Recognition. There was positive correlation between exercise self-efficacy with Social Facilitation (α=0.001), Cooperation (α=0.001), Normative Influence (α=0.004), and Recognition (α=0.031). Personality traits showed positive correlation between lower Openness and Cooperation (α=0.043), lower Neuroticism and Comparison (α=0.001), lower Extraversion and Normative Influence (α=0.016) but negative correlation with Recognition (α=0.031). There was no correlation between social support features and group identity. Conclusion: Recognition and Cooperation are employees’ most preferred social support features based on personality, exercise self-efficacy, and group identity. Exercise self-efficacy and personality plays vital roles in defining employees’ preference for social support features for physical activity. Keywords: Physical activity, employee, social support, mHealth, PSD, personality, self-efficacy, group identity
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:TNW: Science and Technology
Subject:70 social sciences in general
Programme:Health Sciences MSc (66851)
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