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Positive Psychology Interventions to Improve Well-Being in Older Adults: a Systematic Review

Hulscher, Pleuni (2020) Positive Psychology Interventions to Improve Well-Being in Older Adults: a Systematic Review.

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Abstract:Older adults are aging rapidly. Unfortunately, public services are not ready yet to take care of the rapidly aging older adults. Therefore, an approach is needed to improve their well-being. Positive psychology interventions (PPI’s) are shown effective to improve well-being, but there is need for more research on PPI’s in older adults. Besides, there is not an existing systematic review of the recent findings on PPI’s in older adults yet. Therefore, this systematic review aims to analyse the recent types of (PPI’s) and their effectiveness in community-dwelling older adults. It also analyses what well-being measures are most investigated in the recent PPI’s. The results suggest that PPI’s improve well-being, with improvements in life satisfaction, positive emotions, psychological well-being, resilience, positive affect, calmness and happiness. Also, PPI’s lead to a decrease in depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, hopelessness, perceived stress, tiredness and negative affect. Reminiscence interventions were the most used PPI’s in older adults. Besides, PPIs consist of elements of CBT, well-being trainings, and teachings of the Dalai Lama. The most investigated well-being measures are life satisfaction and depressive symptoms, whilst other well-being measures were less investigated.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82741
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