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The influence of collectivism and individualism on attitudes towards older people : a systematic literature review

Wortmann, Fiona Christiane (2020) The influence of collectivism and individualism on attitudes towards older people : a systematic literature review.

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Abstract:Past research has shown that the attitude towards older people differs across countries, and cultural value-orientations might influence these attitudes. In this context, an East-West debate has evolved, discussing whether collectivistic societies may value their older members more than individualistic societies do. This disagreement leads to an unclear image of the current status of research in this field. Thus, this systematic literature review aims to create a holistic picture of the current state of the art in this research field. Results showed that the majority of studies reported an effect of collectivism and individualism on the attitude towards older individuals. It was found that future research should focus on large-scale cross-cultural studies using community samples and consider personal value orientation rather than overall country scores. This review underlines the importance of society-level cultural values on the attitude towards older individuals but also highlights the relevance of individual value orientations within a certain culture.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:02 science and culture in general, 70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/82761
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