University of Twente Student Theses


Atrocity prevention: a comparison of the US and the EU strategies

Costa, Aline (2020) Atrocity prevention: a comparison of the US and the EU strategies.

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Abstract:The present thesis conducts comparative legal research by comparing the atrocity prevention strategies of the US and the EU according to the research question How does the atrocity prevention framework of the USA compare to the EU strategy? Guided by subsequent research questions, first, the definition of atrocity crimes, namely genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and ethnic cleansing, and the international framework on atrocity prevention, consisting of international treaties, the R2P and other UN publications, are outlined. Based on this knowledge, an analytical framework for the comparison is derived. After laying out the US and the EU strategies according to the criteria, the analytical framework is applied in the comparison. Apart from some small similarities, this thesis identifies four key differences. The US insists on its sovereignty, while the EU is open to international collaboration in binding and non-binding agreements. Further, the US has a centralized approach to atrocity prevention through the Atrocities Prevention Board, whereas the EU approach is scattered over many agencies. The most serious consequences arise from the difference between following an atrocity prevention (US) or a conflict prevention (EU) approach. Lastly, the US prefers the use of sanctions and the EU prefers incentives.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:86 law, 89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
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