University of Twente Student Theses


Strengthening the charging infrastructure for promoting E-mobility in the Netherlands.

Parvathappanavar Suresh, Amith (2020) Strengthening the charging infrastructure for promoting E-mobility in the Netherlands.

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Abstract:The national climate agreement was held at the Hague in 2019, with the aim of reducing greenhouse gas emission in the Netherlands by 49% in comparison to 1990 levels. It sets targets for several sectors, including mobility. The best way of reducing greenhouse gas emission is by transition to the electric vehicles from conventional vehicles. Targets are set at European level for transport and CO2 for 2030 and 2050. To reduce greenhouse gas emission to 20% by 2030 and 60% reduction target from growing transport and supporting mobility. By 2050 it aims to phase out all conventional cars by 2050. The ambition of 2030 corresponds to 1.9 million electric vehicles and electricity requirement of 7,000 GWh where 1.7 million charging stations are required. Still it is not clear how the charging infrastructure will develop to meet the charging demand for EVs and to reduce range anxiety by new technology to make electric vehicles driver to charge their vehicles in a limited time. The main objective this research is to investigate the challenges and opportunities in terms of the technical performance and stakeholder involvement for strengthening the electric charging infrastructure for e-mobility in the Netherlands. The research data was gathered by the desk research. First, the current situation in the charging infrastructure is analyzed by technology, organizations involved and technical performance. Then, the expected technological innovations are discussed. Furthermore, the current policies and future policies are evaluated to stimulate charging infrastructure for uptake of EVs. The results from the desk research displayed that, Li-ion battery is having high specific energy and high efficiency over a long time. DC fast charging helps in charging EV to 80% within 20 minutes but the number of fast charging in the Netherlands is still lagging. Combined charging system connector is suitable for high power fast charging of EVs. There are several organizations involved to stimulate charging infrastructure in the Netherlands. ElaadNL facilitates innovative projects and knowledge exchange between the companies to reduce cost of charging infrastructure. The market model ensures the freedom of choice, the government encourage small and medium scale industries to start a process by helping them to make it easier. Analyzing technological performance helps in understanding charging behavior to install a greater number of charging networks. Smart charging will be best suitable for the market in future because it can be controlled externally by app and can use sustainable energy. The government formulated policies to reduce the costs on energy, tax and given subsidies to promote sustainable mobility. The RVO monitors National Agenda Charging Infrastructure to implement policies related to charging infrastructure. The government will also provide financial and tax incentives for EVs to increase a number of EVs for promoting sustainable transport.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
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