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Interventions aimed to reduce ageism : a systematic literature review of qualitative evidence

Kocol, D. (2020) Interventions aimed to reduce ageism : a systematic literature review of qualitative evidence.

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Abstract:With the rapid aging of the population, ageism (e.g. stereotypical and discriminatory attitudes and behaviors targeted at older adults) has become more prevalent worldwide which is related to several health and social consequences. Until now, not much attention has been paid to the subjective experiences of participants. So, the aim of this literature review is to take stock of studies on similarities and differences in perceptions, experiences and acceptability of participants taking part in different ageism interventions. Twenty studies that provided qualitative information of participants taking part in such interventions were analyzed. The results showed that the integration of an intergenerational contact resulted in an intensified awareness and reduced level in misperceptions and stereotypes about the older generation, whereas a non-intergenerational approach showed increased levels of understanding and empathy. On top of that, intergenerational service learning was perceived as highly meaningful and it seemed to have a remarkable impact on the predetermined beliefs about older people which were reject. The findings of this review can be used for future research and interventions that should focus more on gathering explicitly data about the subjective experiences and perceptions of participants, taking part in ageism interventions in order to tackle ageism.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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