University of Twente Student Theses


Exploring the Integration of Innovative Land Tools into the Conventional System of Land Administration in Tanzania

Shao, Praygod Harry (2020) Exploring the Integration of Innovative Land Tools into the Conventional System of Land Administration in Tanzania.

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Abstract:The world, particularly in the Global South, is striving to scale up a low rate of land registration. This societal problem is mainly enhanced by the weakness of the conventional systems of land administration which have failed to give many landowners security of tenure. Besides, efforts are being made to develop innovative land tools that can offer a practical way of addressing the problem. These tools are being implemented in various areas across the world side by side with conventional systems to record land rights. However, little is known about how the tools integrate into the conventional systems of land administration. This study sought to explore integration in the case of the LTSP, a government of Tanzania project which adopted the MAST tool to issue CCROs in the rural areas of Kilmobero, Ulanga and Malinyi Districts; all in Morogoro Region. It applied the qualitative methodological approach. The semi-structured interviews were used to obtain primary data from government and non-government land officials. Also, the analysis of the published and unpublished documents was used to obtain secondary data. This study found that that innovative land tools integrate into the conventional systems of land administration. However, this can not be done fully because of the emerging differences in legal, institutional, and spatial registration requirements between two approaches. It was further realised that the emerging, gaps can be solved through the adoption of various transformation, replacement, and combination processes to make the systems more integrated. By addressing the gaps, it was found that there are potentials of realising the economic, institutional, social, technological, and legal benefits. Despite obtained benefits, addressing the integration gaps between the approaches revealed several constraints with multiple causes which required the adoption of the immediate and long-term solutions. The integration of innovative land tools into the conventional systems of customary land registration provides potential opportunities of scaling up the low rate of land registration, achievements that are likely to improve the security of tenure. However, to have fully integrated systems, the need to address fully the explored constraints which required long-term solutions, including amendment of the laws and regulations to accommodate the FFP solutions in the customary land registration in Tanzania, is of enormous significance. Based on the discussion, further explorative research on the integration of various innovative land tools into other forms of tenure is inevitable. Also, whether the realised benefits have influenced changes in the social-economic lives of various landowners, institutional performance and operation is a question that requires empirical evidence.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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