University of Twente Student Theses


The relationship of daily strength use and depressive symptoms in LGBTQ+ individuals

Unval, S. (2021) The relationship of daily strength use and depressive symptoms in LGBTQ+ individuals.

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Abstract:Mental health problems among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and other (LGBTQ+) individuals are a common worldwide problem. Positive psychology has proven to be useful in improving wellbeing, it focuses on personal strengths. Research found out that strength use is correlated to wellbeing, however, solely possessing strengths is not sufficient to improve wellbeing. This study aims to examine the relationship between daily strength use and daily depressive symptoms in LGBTQ+ individuals since there is lack of insight into daily associations. It is expected to find an association between strength use and depressive symptoms on a state-level. This study used an online experience sampling method, which consisted of 16 participants. The participants (ages between 18 and 27) were mainly university students (93,75%) who had a German nationality (75%). Depressive symptoms were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9, trait) and PHQ-2, state). Strength use was measured using the Strength Use Scale (SUS, trait), and a selection of two items of the SUS (state). On the first day of the study, participants were asked to fill in the trait questionnaires. From the second day onwards, participants filled in the state questionnaires, three times a day, for one week. Correlation analyses and a linear mixed model have been conducted to analyse the data. A significant negative association on a between-, within-, and trait-level was observed. Unexpectedly, the between analyses showed a stronger association than the within analyses. Also, this study found a non-significant correlation between trait-level and mean between-level of strength use and depressive symptoms. This study provides evidence of the significant negative association between state-level strength use and state-level depressive symptoms. Yet, findings suggest that the association is more trait-like than state-like.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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