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The relation between positive emotions and strength use and their association with college students’ mental well-being: modeling the mediation of study engagement

Westerneng, M.G.B. (2021) The relation between positive emotions and strength use and their association with college students’ mental well-being: modeling the mediation of study engagement.

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Abstract:Today’s college students’ mental health is suffering, in part shown by a high demand for mental health services amongst college students. In terms of supporting positive mental health, the field of positive psychology suggests several theories for human flourishing, such as the broaden-and-build theory. Positive emotions and strength use are explored here, but the interactions with another variable of note, study engagement, have not yet been explored in this context. To add to the understanding of factors supporting college students’ positive mental wellbeing, the current study hypothesised a model based on the broaden-and-build theory, adding study engagement as a possible mediator between strength use, positive emotions, and mental wellbeing. Dutch college students (N=77) were recruited to fill out an online questionnaire. Analyses on regression and mediation were conducted using the bootstrapping technique. The results showed that strength use and positive emotions were both significant predictors of mental wellbeing, but study engagement did not mediate this association. Study engagement by itself was significantly correlated with mental wellbeing and positive emotions. Suggestions for future research include consideration of more expansive, fitting mediation analyses as well as the usage of a more expansive instrument for measuring positive emotions.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/85575
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