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Prosocial motivation and mental health in hospice care volunteers : a grounded theory

Schulz, C. (2021) Prosocial motivation and mental health in hospice care volunteers : a grounded theory.

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Abstract:The study describes the idiosyncratic experience of mental health in non-professional hospice volunteers in relation to their motives and strategies for volunteering using a constructivist grounded theory paradigm. Participants were obtained by convenience sampling and interviews were dynamically adapted to the concepts brought up by the participants using theoretical sampling. Results indicate that volunteers are usually motivated by both true- and pseudo-altruistic motivations at the same time and experience their work as a relational resource exchange process between their group cohort, their hospice organization and their clients characterized by the mutual exchange of appreciation as the central process between all actors.The concept of appreciation exchange closely corresponds to the role of positive relations in Ryff’s (1978) theory-guided dimensions for psychological well-being that describe positive psychological well-being as a function of successful inter-personal give-and-take relationships. The present study concretizes the notion by providing a theoretical model for appreciation exchange in hospice contexts grounded in the idiosyncratic social realities of the volunteers.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/85583
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