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Exploring the association between self-compassion and self-efficacy in daily life of students

Nienhaus, C.L. (2021) Exploring the association between self-compassion and self-efficacy in daily life of students.

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Abstract:Background. Cross-sectional research on the relationship between self-compassion and selfefficacy has been gaining increasing attention as all main components of self-compassion were positively associated with self-efficacy. Nonetheless, no study so far investigated this association as a day to day experience. Objective. This study examined the association between trait and state self-compassion, as well as trait and state self-efficacy. Trait scores were obtained through one-time trait questionnaires, while state scores were obtained using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM). Further, it was examined whether the relationship between state self-compassion and state self-efficacy was a between- or within-person effect. Method. An experience sampling study was conducted for eight consecutive days among 30 students (MAge = 22.6; 50% female and 50% male) based on convenience sampling. Traits were measured by the Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form (SCS-SF) and the New General SelfEfficacy Scale (NSGE). State self-compassion and self-efficacy were measured using two items per construct three times per day. Results. Pearson correlation showed no correlation between trait and state self-compassion (r = -.01, p = .951), as well as for self-efficacy (r = .032, p = .852). A linear regression analysis showed that individuals high on trait self-compassion do not necessarily have higher trait selfefficacy as well ( = .06, p = .76). Further, multilevel linear analysis revealed a weak positive between-person association ( = .22, SE = .06, p < .001), as well as a weak positive withinperson association ( = .09, SE = .04, p < .012). Conclusion. This study provides insights into self-compassion and self-efficacy as a day to day experience. Self-compassion and self-efficacy can affect how confident people experience the situation, and further research into their association could lead to more insights on how to benefit individuals that are overwhelmed by the difficulty of a situation or event. These individuals might learn to be more confident with their abilities and deal with their problems more efficient without being preoccupied by thoughts about the perceived difficulty
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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