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The Relationship between Anger and Happiness: An Experience Sampling Study

Sensoy, M.A. (2021) The Relationship between Anger and Happiness: An Experience Sampling Study.

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Abstract:This present paper had the purpose of investigating how individuals’ anger and happiness is associated during their daily life. Therefore, the current paper explored possible relationships between trait and state levels of anger and happiness of individuals over seven days. Specifically, trait to trait, trait to state and state to state relationships of anger and happiness. To measure individuals’ (mostly students) daily experiences over the course of one week, an online survey with the method of experience sampling was utilised with a sample of 31 mostly German (77% female) young adults (M = 21.25, SD = 1.34). Results of the multilevel analysis show that state anger and state happiness are negatively related to each other on a within-person and between-person level, while trait anger and trait happiness did not show a relationship. Neither did trait anger and trait happiness show any significant relationship on state anger or state happiness. Thus, the findings of the current study indicate that the trait emotions of anger and happiness are on a separate dimension than the state levels of anger and happiness, implying that the traits and states of their respective emotion are independent of each other.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/85624
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