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Non-text based alternatives to present textual information to individuals with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities

Helmer, L.S. (2021) Non-text based alternatives to present textual information to individuals with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities.

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Abstract:Substance Use Disorder (SUD) patients who also have an Intellectual Disability (ID) do not benefit from mainstream online interventions for individuals without disabilities, for instance an online addiction treatment platform. Up until this moment, these platforms mainly use text to present information. Having trouble reading and understanding text is one of the main issues individuals with ID have when using online treatment. Therefore, this study aims to determine effective non-text based alternatives to present textual information to people with Mild to Moderate ID. Specifically, it evaluates four non-text based alternatives (pictures, audio, video and animations) on their effectiveness and meaningfulness by using existing literature. Furthermore, this research evaluates whether it is feasible to implement the non-text based alternatives in the online addiction treatment platform. First, the four non-text based alternatives were investigated by the means of a systematic literature research. The papers were evaluated on their effectiveness and meaningfulness. Thereafter, two interviews were conducted to determine the feasibility of these alternatives. The results show that all alternatives are effective, however the effectiveness and the meaningfulness of the non-text based alternatives can differ per person. The participants explained that it is already feasible to implement pictures, audio and videos. Animations are not feasible. These results suggest that more than one alternative should present the textual information to individuals with ID. Furthermore, limitations of this research and future work are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:EEMCS: Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science
Programme:Business & IT BSc (56066)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/85695
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