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Learning through screens: How gestures, facial expressions, and motivational statements influence foreign language learning experience online

Zahra, Salsabila Athaya (2021) Learning through screens: How gestures, facial expressions, and motivational statements influence foreign language learning experience online.

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Abstract:The present study aims to discover the influence of instructor’s gestures, facial expression, and motivational statements in video lectures on learning outcome, satisfaction, purchase intention, and self-efficacy. This study is intended to specifically investigate the use of metaphorical gestures, happy facial expressions, and motivational statements for the benefit of foreign language learning experience. This research was a two (gestures versus no gestures) by two (happy facial expressions versus neutral facial expressions) by two (motivational statements versus no motivational statements) experimental study resulting in eight different video stimuli. The stimuli were exposed to 267 respondents through an online platform. Learning outcomes were measured with knowledge questions, while satisfaction, purchase intention, and self-efficacy items were measured using 5-point Likert scales. The study unveiled that showing gestures in an online video lecture for foreign learning purposes results in less satisfaction. Presenting with a happy facial expression results in lower learning outcome. On the other hand, the present study shows an interaction effect resulted from gestures and facial expressions. Learning outcome, satisfaction, purchase intention, and self-efficacy become prominent when instructor used no gestures with neutral facial expressions, and when instructor used gestures paired with happy facial expressions. The conclusion of this study further clarifies the benefits when using both gestures and happy facial expressions.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies, 81 education, teaching
Programme:Communication Studies MSc (60713)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/85836
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