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The influence of the instructor’s visibility in an instructional statistics video on student’s perceived social presence, anxiety, and performance

Kangni, Anna-Christina (2021) The influence of the instructor’s visibility in an instructional statistics video on student’s perceived social presence, anxiety, and performance.

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Abstract:This study investigated the influence of the instructor’s visibility in an instructional statistics video on student’s perceived social presence, anxiety, and performance. Furthermore, the relationship between perceived social presence and anxiety towards statistics was investigated. Previous research has shown that anxiety can negatively impact students’ performance, but in a traditional classroom setting the instructor can decrease the level of anxiety through social cues such as eye contact and smiling. Instructional videos can be designed to include a shoulder-up view of the instructor so that social cues can be incorporated to imitate the classroom setting. The participants of the study were 66 pre-master students enrolled in the course inferential statistics. The participants were assigned to either the group which viewed an instructional statistic video with the instructor being visible or to the group viewing an instructional video without the instructor being visible. The results found that the visibility of the instructor had a positive effect on perceived social presence and anxiety. This suggest that the visibility of the instructor can lead to increased social presence and decreased anxiety. However, no relationship was found between perceived social presence and anxiety toward statistics, nor was there a difference between the conditions, in performance level. This finding suggests for future research to investigate different levels of social cues and whether these could have an effect on students’ performance.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:81 education, teaching
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/86167
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