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Textual versus pictorial organization of concepts

Dierking, D.J.H. (2021) Textual versus pictorial organization of concepts.

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Abstract:This study aimed to identify to what extent there is a difference between textual and pictorial concept categorization of concepts of the brain map of Huth et al. (2016). There is an indication that there is a weak marginal difference in categorization of concepts represented in visual and textual modality for within voxel/brain area concept combinations and a non-significant difference for textual versus pictorial between voxel/brain area combinations. There are also indications that concept combinations that activate the same voxel or brain area are significantly more actively categorized together by humans than concept combinations that activate different voxels or brain areas. This however does not necessarily indicate that combinations that activate the same voxel/brain area are also categorized together by humans. The findings are in line with the hub-and-spoke theory, symbol interdependency theory, and the linguistic and situation simulation system (LASS) framework. They all include parts of the symbolic and embodied approach. Despite an error in the decision for concepts being in part A or B of the card sort that could limit the generalizability of the results, this approach provides new insights into active pictorial and textual organization of concepts and these related to location in brain activation. Further research is needed to identify which other processes than symbolic processes play a role in the use and categorization of concepts. More research is also needed to identify intra- and interpersonal differences and to what extent other processes than symbolic processes are embodied. This study helps to identify to what extent modality differs in active concept organization and to what extent localization of brain activation could play a role.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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