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The role of internal cohesion in the UK Parliament and its possible effects on the Brexit negotiations

Evers, F.A. (2021) The role of internal cohesion in the UK Parliament and its possible effects on the Brexit negotiations.

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Abstract:The aim of this thesis was to take a closer look at the political cohesion in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, measured through polarization, and how it could have affected the negotiations surrounding the withdrawal agreement. It was hypothesized that the level of polarization has increased between 2015 and 2019 between the Conservatives and the other relevant political parties and that UKIP held significant power, due to their voter share. The literature review showed that it is reasonable to assume higher levels of polarization had a negative effect on the ability to negotiate a withdrawal agreement. Polarization did not increase between 2015 and 2017, but significantly increased between 2017 and 2019 and the voter share showed that UKIP held almost 13% of the popular vote. In conclusion, the literature supports that the level of polarization could have had a negative effect on the ability of the UK parliament to negotiate a withdrawal agreement. There is also support for the notion that UKIP had a relevant polarizing effect as their effective political power was substantial through their share of the popular vote in 2015.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration, 89 political science
Programme:European Studies MSc (69303)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/86446
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