University of Twente Student Theses


Use and Effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy in the treatment of Binge Eating Disorder : a scoping review.

Pierick, N. (2021) Use and Effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy in the treatment of Binge Eating Disorder : a scoping review.

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Abstract:Introduction: In recent years, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) approaches gained popularity in treating binge eating disorder (BED), the most common eating disorder. Individuals suffering from BED lose control over their eating behaviour and take in large amounts of food in a short period of time. Next to the psychological distress, overweight is often a problem. As research according to this topic is still developing, an overview is needed to formulate future research goals and MBCT effectiveness and efficacy. This scoping literature review aimed to summarise the existing studies using MBCT for the treatment of BED. Method: A literature search via Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, and Google Scholar was conducted. Following the PRISMA guidelines, articles were carefully screened for the inclusion criteria of being written in English, entailing empirical data, and handling MBCT as a treatment approach for clinical or sub-clinical samples. Ten studies were included in the review. Results: The results of the studies showed that MBCT is a promising approach for BED treatment. The ten studies of this review included one Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT), one case study, and eight smaller sample pilot studies with four studies providing follow up data. The targeted underlying mechanisms of BED were levels of awareness, Mindfulness, and the feeling of losing control. These could be improved with the help of MBCT. Furthermore, comorbid depression scores were decreased. The results showed to be stable in follow up data. Furthermore, an improvement in depression score could be observed. Surprisingly, the participants could not lose as much weight as expected by following a stand-alone MBCT treatment approach. One study that directly compared MBCT and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) showed that MBCT was more effective in treating BED. Conclusion: MBCT was rated by the studies included in this review as a valuable approach for treating BED for clinical and sub-clinical samples. Binge eating symptoms could significantly be reduced with MBCT. Actual weight changes seemed to be challenging to achieve for participants. Future research should consider larger-scale RCTs to explore the efficacy of MBCT.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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