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The association between flourishing and well-being, social support and social coping strategies of ICU patient’s family members after hospital discharge

Schlieper, L.M. (2021) The association between flourishing and well-being, social support and social coping strategies of ICU patient’s family members after hospital discharge.

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Abstract:An ICU hospitalization is a burdensome experience to not only the patient but also their relatives, resulting in long lasting psychological consequences and decreasing well-being. While young adulthood receives only little attention in research in this context, this study focuses on the age of 18-29 years. Further, the positive influence of social support on the well-being and the use of social coping strategies in stressful life situations has been emphasized in research. Therefore, it was expected that increased time after hospital discharge leads to increased well-being. Further, perceived social support was expected to have a positive influence on the well-being while social coping strategies moderated the association. For this, a convenience sample of 129 participants was gathered. After exclusion, 46 participants were included in the final sample (28.3% male, 67.4% female; age in years: M = 22.36, SD=2.55). An online survey was administered using the MHC-SF, the MSPSS, and the Social Support Subscale of the CI. Afterwards, the associations were tested using linear regression models and a linear regression model with interaction effect. Time passed since discharge was not found to be significantly associated with well-being [β = .063, t(46) = .418, p = .678]. However, perceived social support showed a positive significant association with well-being [β = .324, t(46) = 2.335, p = .024] and the psychological well-being subscale [β = .433, t(46) = 3.183, p = .003]. Furthermore, social coping strategies were not found to be a moderating factor in the association of perceived social support and well-being [β = -.252, t(46) = -.831, p = .411]. The insignificant association between time and well-being can be explained through situational factors such as continuous care or death of the relative. Further, the positive significant association between perceived social support and well-being are in line with available literature. Finally, the insignificant moderation of social coping strategies may be explained through a mediation instead of a moderation.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/86542
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