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Is compassion the key? Gender differences in pro-environmental behaviour.

Rütgers, L.R. (2021) Is compassion the key? Gender differences in pro-environmental behaviour.

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Abstract:There is a variety of environmental problems that endanger environmental sustainability which have human behaviour as their origin. The first step in prevention is the investigation of the factors that influence an individual’s pro-environmental behaviour (PEB). Gender differences are one factor that has been investigated by present research, but with contrasting results. These contrasting results could be the product of an underlying factor influencing the relation between gender and PEB. Based on literature, in this study the effect of compassion on the effect of gender on PEB was investigated with the research question: “To what extent are the variables gender, pro-environmental behaviour and compassion related?” To answer this question, a correlation study was conducted in which respondents (N=119) filled out an online survey, which was measuring the variables PEB, compassion, and gender. With these variables, a mediation analysis by Preacher and Hayes (2007) was conducted. The results showed that women scored higher in compassion but not in PEB. However, women did score higher in the specific pro-environmental behaviour food consumption. Moreover, the mediation analysis indicated a mediating effect of compassion on the relationship between gender and pro-environmental behaviour.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/86579
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