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Association between the quality of life and the characteristics of age, type of diabetes, and foot deformity of people with diabetes.

Fingal, Denise M. (2021) Association between the quality of life and the characteristics of age, type of diabetes, and foot deformity of people with diabetes.

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Abstract:Quality of life (QoL) is an important aspect of well-being that should be considered when treating patients with chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, which affects 422 million people worldwide. The health consequences of diabetes impact how people with diabetes might perceive their QoL. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the association between quality of life and characteristics of age, type of diabetes and foot deformity in people with diabetes over a period of 6 months. The study also looked into the prevalence of foot deformity and type of diabetes per age group. The RAND-36 (SF) questionnaire was used to measure the QoL and data of 46 participants (mean age = 66; 26% women, 74% men) were analyzed. Statistical analyses used during this research were Spearman rho for calculating the association, Kruskal-Wallis for calculating differences between subgroups of the characteristics and a Mann-Whitney U test for calculating differences between domain scores over time. The data analyses showed no association between type of diabetes and QoL and no difference between domain scores over a period of six months. There was a negative association between age and health change (rs(46)= -.29, p=.04) and age and physical functioning (rs(46)= -.31, p=.03), however, subgroup analysis did not reveal any significant association with the domains of the RAND-36. For foot deformities, there was a positive association between moderate foot deformity and pain (rs(29)=.52, p.004) and moderate foot deformity and health change (rs(29)=.52, p.004). There was also a significant difference between domain scores for those with mild and those with severe foot deformities (p=.01). In conclusion, QoL on some domains was higher for people with moderate foot deformities than mild or severe foot deformities. This finding contradicts previous findings stating that those with mild foot deformities experience a higher quality of life than those with moderate or severe foot deformities.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:01 general works, 02 science and culture in general, 10 humanities in general
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/86631
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