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The state of the art of media-based interventions for eating disorders in clinical and non-clinical women aged 12 to 28 : a systematic literature review

Averdung, J. (2021) The state of the art of media-based interventions for eating disorders in clinical and non-clinical women aged 12 to 28 : a systematic literature review.

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Abstract:The ongoing increase in the prevalence of eating disorders is expected to continue further. This is related to a high mortality rate and quality of life decrease. Therefore, media-based interventions have been developed. However, these interventions are relatively new, wherefore multiple approaches, like CBT, cognitive dissonance theory, or approach-avoidance principles, are used to design such an intervention. Further, the research did not agree upon the most suitable delivery platform. Another shortage concerns the targeted participants in these interventions. No review exists focusing on the leading at-risk group of women aged 12 to 28 years old. Although wellbeing has been related to enlarging risk factors, this concept has been seldomly included in interventions for eating disorders nowadays. The analysis revealed that media-based interventions are effective, independently of the grounding theory. The majority of interventions were web-based and entailed a non-clinical population. Nonetheless, most studies were concerned with high dropout rates and small samples, which decreased the results' statistical power. Although focusing on the leading at-risk group of females aged 12 to 28 years, the overall mean age of included studies was relatively high with 26 years. Thus, this review might be used to specify research in this area. Since all approaches appear to be equally effective, it would be recommended to focus on one specific intervention to reach conclusive and expressive results regarding usability.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/86645
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