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What are the Determinants of the Protection Motivation Theory Predicting the Willingness to get Vaccinated Against Covid-19?

Gallmeister, D. (2021) What are the Determinants of the Protection Motivation Theory Predicting the Willingness to get Vaccinated Against Covid-19?

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Abstract:Vaccines are the most effective way to combat the Covid-19 pandemic. Not everyone is willing to get vaccinated. To increase vaccination rates, it is relevant to know the reasons for people’s vaccine hesitancy. Therefore, it is proposed that the Protection Motivation Theories constructs threat appraisal, response-efficacy, self-efficacy, and costs of adaptive behaviour mediate the relationship between the individual characteristics’ conspiracy beliefs, vaccine scepticism, subjective well-being, and self-regulation with willingness to get vaccinated against Covid-19. To do so, a cross-sectional online survey with 113 participants was conducted. A mediation analysis was run to test whether the constructs of Protection Motivation Theory can account for the mediating role. Response-efficacy mediates the relationship between vaccine scepticism and willingness to get vaccinated. People with higher vaccine scepticism have lower response efficacy and therefore, lower willingness to get vaccinated. Additionally, self-efficacy mediates the relationship between subjective well-being and willingness to get vaccinated. People with lower subjective well-being have lower self-efficacy and therefore lower willingness to get vaccinated against Covid-19. This study reveals that constructs from Protection Motivation Theory can be used by policymakers to increase willingness to get vaccinated against Covid-19 among citizens and deliver valuable insights in tackling further pandemics and other diseases.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:02 science and culture in general, 10 humanities in general, 70 social sciences in general, 71 sociology, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/86729
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