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The Dutch decline in PISA reading performance explained : exploring ICT-use, reading motivation, reading frequency, and reading strategies, over time

Verdegaal, A.L. (2021) The Dutch decline in PISA reading performance explained : exploring ICT-use, reading motivation, reading frequency, and reading strategies, over time.

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Abstract:Reading performance of Dutch 15-year-olds has drastically declined between 2009 and 2018. Therefore, it is imperative to analyse which variables have contributed to this decline. This study aims to analyse this decline and explores its possible relationships with the following four variables: reading motivation, reading frequency, reading strategies, and ICT-use. The relevance of the study lies with the fact that two separate points in time will be analysed, which allows for determining whether changes in one variable coincide with changes in another variable. The results suggest that reading motivation, reading frequency, and online searching account for the Dutch decline in reading performance. Regression analyses reveal that reading motivation considerably accounts for this decline. Likewise, students’ reading frequency explains the decline in reading performance as well, yet, to a small extent. Furthermore, employing reading strategies has a substantial positive effect on students’ reading performance, but it does not explain the decline in reading. A remarkable finding of this study revealed that online searching explains the decline in reading scores to a large extent and it has a significant positive effect on reading performance. Surprisingly, the fact that students chat more online does not significantly explain their decline in reading performance.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:81 education, teaching
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/86741
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