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Determinants of Vaccine Hesitancy: the Influence of Factors of the Protection Motivation Model and Health Condition on People’s Hesitant Attitude Towards Covid-19 Vaccines

Paczulla, Sophia (2021) Determinants of Vaccine Hesitancy: the Influence of Factors of the Protection Motivation Model and Health Condition on People’s Hesitant Attitude Towards Covid-19 Vaccines.

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Abstract:The current situation given by the coronavirus required great sacrifices all over the world. Not only are society, economy, and mental health impacted but also did the virus cause the death of a great number of people. Vaccinations against the virus are thus providing hope for an improvement of the situation. However, in the Netherlands and Germany, part of the population shows an unwillingness to get vaccinated. Given this background, this study aimed to investigate the extent to which factors of the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) and the current health condition of people do predict hesitant corona vaccination attitudes in people. Additionally, it was investigated to what extent these factors do predict corona vaccination intention. In particular, the predictors of vulnerability, severity, benefits of vaccination, social norm, response-efficacy, self-efficacy, response cost, and health condition built the model of this study. The results of the online questionnaire showed that all variables except response cost correlated negatively with vaccine hesitancy. Next to this, three regression analyses were done and showed that the whole model had a predictive power of 61.8% for vaccine hesitancy. Response-efficacy, benefits of vaccination, and response cost had the greatest predictive power in combination with all predictors. A similar result was found for vaccination intention, for which the model had a predictive power of 63.4%. The strongest predictors for vaccination intention were benefits of vaccination, response-efficacy, self-efficacy, health condition, and social norm. When including vaccine hesitancy into the model, the model explained 68.9% of the variance in vaccination intention. Then, the strongest predictors were vaccine hesitancy, benefits of vaccination, and self-efficacy in combination with the remaining predictors. Furthermore, no gender differences were identified regarding women’s-and men’s levels of vaccine hesitancy. Future recommendations included the use of a random sampling method and investigating the determinants that showed the highest correlation with vaccine hesitancy in more detail. Next to this, implications entailed implementing the findings of this study when constructing interventions that are aimed to reduce vaccination refusal.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/86747
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